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The Geographic Proximity with Rwanda and the Parable of the Tribes. .. Table 2: Evidence of Bany2 Leaders' Primary Loyalty to Their. Ethnic Group.

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Sole ulcers are a common, painful cause of lameness. Intervention research on sole ulcers is complicated by their chronic, multifactorial nature, requiring very large-scale longitudinal clinical trials. Our project will address this problem by developing and testing a sole ulcer induction protocol using 48 pregnant Holstein heifers in 2 stages. In the first stage, 24 heifers will be allocated to 6 different groups in a 2-way factorial design, testing the effect of lying time and block application on sole ulcer development.

Animals will be enrolled from 60 days pre-calving to days post-calving. Two weeks before calving 4 out of 6 groups of cows will have hoof blocks placed strategically on either 1 or 2 lateral hind hooves to increase pressure under the flexor tuberosity of the 3rd phalanx for weeks. Samples will collected at various time points to describe the developmental process of sole ulcer using various behavioral, metabolic, inflammatory and physical measures.

The development of a validated sole ulcer induction model will greatly improve our ability to evaluate sole ulcer intervention strategies. Techniques Used : Hoof trimming, block application, cattle handling, blood sampling,. Project Description : The utilization of technologies to monitor activity are becoming more common on commercial dairy farms and are being used for many management activities including disease detection and reproductive management. Compiled by subject specialists at CABI Publishing, the Veterinary Science Database contains more than , abstracts and citations, with 15, records added annually.

Updates to the below Serials Cited list are produced monthly. Designation of Open Access publications are currently available in the downloadable version. Instructions for submitting a journal and an online form are available. Show new titles added since January. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Close Find out more. Delivery Platforms. Beck was also an important contributor to the theory of learned helplessness. The indefatigable author or co-author of over peer-reviewed articles and the author, co-author, or editor of some two dozen technical books, Beck is one of the most highly esteemed and influential psychiatrists of the twentieth century.

Berridge was born in He also received his PhD from Penn, in The master question that his lab raises and attempts to answer is the way in which affective states are generated in the brain, including pleasure, desire and appetite, emotion, and affective valence the subjective scale from positive to negative value according to which most affective states present themselves to us. Berridge is the author or co-author of approximately peer-reviewed research papers and chapters of edited volumes, and is the co-editor with Morten L. Bloom was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in His doctoral dissertation on the subject of language acquisition was supervised by Susan Carey.

More specific projects that have grown out of this overriding interest include the exploration of moral judgments in babies, of the role that anger, disgust, and empathy play in the moral lives of adults, of our commonsense understanding of ourselves as possessing free will, of the nature of pleasure especially, the pleasure we derive from fiction , of the psychology of religious belief and atheism, and of our commonsense feeling that our self, or soul, is separate from our body.

Through his popular books, his frequent op-ed pieces and essays in such venues as the New York Times , the Guardian , and the Atlantic , his blogs on Slate , and his interviews with National Public Radio NPR and elsewhere, Bloom has communicated his fascinating and influential ideas to a wide audience far beyond the normal confines of academia. Buss was born in Indianapolis, Indiana, in Buss works in the area known as evolutionary psychology.

Evolutionary psychology traces its roots back to sociobiology, the term proposed by Edward O. Wilson in his landmark study of the same name on the evolution of eusociality —-strongly cooperative societies in which individuals regularly sacrifice themselves for the good of the group.

ARRIVE: Animal Research Reporting In Vivo Experiments

It proved so controversial at the time that the brand name sociobiology became tarnished; the field subsequently morphed into what is now called evolutionary psychology. The basic idea is that stereotypical male and female mating strategies reflect the selection pressures of the human EEA. In a nutshell, this means that males were better off in Darwinian terms of contributing genes to future populations if they chose mates on the basis of appearance as markers of health and fertility, whereas females were better off in the Darwinian sense if they chose mates on the basis of social status as a marker of their ability to supply resources to the female and her offspring.

Similarly, males are predisposed to promiscuity because of the low physiological cost of their gametes and to intense jealousy to avoid being duped into giving resources to offspring not genetically related to them , whereas females are predisposed to give the appearance of fidelity though not necessarily always the reality. Buss is the author or co-author of more than peer-reviewed journal articles, and the author, co-author, or editor of some dozen books. Cosmides was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in At Harvard, she worked closely with famed evolutionary theorist Robert L.

Cosmides, who throughout her career has worked closely and published jointly with her husband, anthropologist John Tooby, is one of the founders of the sub-discipline known as evolutionary psychology see the entry for David M. Buss, above. As Cosmides has put it:.

Evolutionary psychology weaves together cognitive science, human evolution, hunter gatherer studies, neuroscience, psychology and evolutionary biology, in an attempt to understand and map the human mind and brain. Her work has been extraordinarily wide-ranging, analyzing from an evolutionary point of view everything from the psychology of cooperation, coalition and friendship formation, incest avoidance, and autism, to threat interpretation, predator-prey relationships, visual attention, statistical reasoning, and multiple memory systems.

Cosmides has stated that one reason for casting such a wide net is to illustrate how fruitful and productive evolutionary psychology analyses can be. She is the author or co-author of some 90 peer-reviewed journal articles and chapters of edited volumes, as well as the co-editor of an influential early work in the field, The Adapted Mind , among other volumes. Stanley Hall Lecturer. He and his family spent time in an Italian internment camp during the war, but after the war was over he was able to complete his secondary school education in Rome.

He emigrated to the US in , at the age of In particular, he is closely associated with the concept of flow. He argues that flow-generating tasks are ones that people experience as rewarding for their own sake, as opposed to merely instrumental to some end. He further argues that fundamentally happy people are able to tap into their capacity for flow on a regular basis. He has described this experience in the following terms:. Being completely involved in an activity for its own sake. The ego falls away.

Time flies. Every action, movement, and thought follows inevitably from the previous one, like playing jazz. In addition to personality psychology, his ideas have been influential in the fields of business management and education. Damon was born in Brockton, Massachusetts, in As a developmental psychologist, Damon has focused his research efforts particularly on the intellectual and social development of children, adolescents, and young adults, but also, to a lesser degree, on psychological development of persons throughout the lifespan.

His work has consisted principally of large-scale empirical studies, based on both original field research questionnaires and meta-studies of the developmental psychology literature. More specifically, Damon has been critical of changes in the conventional wisdom regarding child-rearing in our society over the past couple of generations. As he summarizes the point: Less is expected of the young, and in turn less is received. Damon is the author or co-author of about peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters, and the author, co-author, or editor of some 18 books in all.

The recipient of many awards and honors, Damon has received grants supporting his research from such prestigious organizations as the John D.

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Davidson was born in New York City in Davidson is famous for espousing Buddhist traditions of mindfulness and meditation as important empirical phenomena worthy of scientific investigation, as well as important techniques for achieving inner peace and spiritual growth. Davidson is a close friend of the 14th Dalai Lama and himself meditates regularly.

Davidson has published many peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters. He is also the author, co-author, or editor of more than a dozen books. Diener was born in Glendale, California, in All other life circumstances education, marital status, financial status, etc. However, Diener found that, all other factors being equal, extraverts still tend to be happier than introverts, leading to the hypothesis that the extraverted personality type is inherently more rewarding, fostering happiness that leads to gregarious behavior, not the other way around.

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  • In short, people find happy people attractive. In other work, Diener has found that subjective well-being has measurable positive effects on health and longevity. On the contrary, Diener has found that many people do not bounce back from devastating life events, and never return to their previous level of subjective well-being. The good news is that since the so-called set-point for subjective well-being appears not to be immutable, therapeutic intervention may potentially be beneficial.

    Finally, in recent years Diener has begun to explore some of the implications of his findings for politics and public policy, notably in a widely read paper he co-wrote with Martin Seligman see below , Beyond Money: Toward an Economy of Well-Being. Diener, who has a very high citation h-index score of , has published more than peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters.


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    He is also the author, co-author, or editor of some dozen books. Ekman was born in Washington, DC, in Following a one-year internship at the Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute, a teaching hospital which is part of the Department of Psychiatry of the University of California, San Francisco, Ekman obtained his PhD in clinical psychology from Adelphi University in He has developed a highly detailed atlas of emotions linked to more than 10, distinguishable facial expressions.

    His work has been widely influential, but also controversial. This claim flies in the face of the deeply entrenched relativism within the field of cultural anthropology. In another example, Ekman has done extensive work on the differences between spontaneous genuine and simulated deceptive emotions which may be detected in facial expressions.

    This work has given rise to various screening techniques some of which have been adopted by the Transportation Security Administration which Ekman claims provide us with the best lie detection technology available today.

    Laboratory Animal Medicine, Second Edition American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine

    However, the studies Ekman has carried out to back up these claims have come under sustained criticism. The process of sub-culture propagation among Japanese macaques. Eshchar Y. When and where to practice: Social influences on the development of nut-cracking in bearded capuchins Sapajuslibidinosus Anim.

    1. Non-Human Primates in Laboratory Research

    Gallup G. Chimpanzees: Self-recognition. Toda K.